Criminal Responsibility for the Destruction of Cultural Property in the Course of Armed Conflicts
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Uniwersytet Warszawski
Publication date: 2020-06-23
Stosunki Międzynarodowe – International Relations 2017;53(2):35–55
Throughout history, war has always caused human and material losses. The latter includes some valuable cultural goods destroyed or plundered by the fighting parties. Over the years, despite the existence of a legal basis and the identification of the perpetrators, the issue of punishing those guilty of such offenses was either ignored or considered secondary in both national and international jurisprudence. Judgements concerning those responsible for human death were predominant. A major change of approach was brought by the war in the former Yugoslavia. The Court created after the war was the first to sentence the offenders guilty of the destruction of cultural property. After the war in Mali, in turn, the International Criminal Court became active in this respect by convicting the person responsible for similar acts in that country